How to Shop for Warehouse Facilities

Most folks think of warehouse buildings as big empty rooms for sale or lease. But if you've ever considered expanding your ecommerce business by opening or moving to a new distribution center, you know there's a lot more to those "big empty rooms" than meets the eye. Before touring potential properties, identifying your space requirements in detail is crucial for finding facilities that meet your needs today, and in the future. When shopping for warehouses, keep the following ideas in mind to help you find facilities that will fit your space and functionality requirements.

Cubic feet

In product fulfillment and distribution, the height of a warehouse is just as important as its square footage. A low ceiling building obviously requires many more square feet of footprint space to have the same cubic capacity. Use square feet when planning how much space is needed for all department functions (staging areas, packing stations, office areas, etc.). Use cubic feet when planning bulk storage areas - making sure to account for your maximum pallet height, the total number of pallets you are planning to store, and the minimum clear height required by local regulations.

Building shape

Finding a building with the right amount of cubic space doesn’t mean much if it’s arranged in a sub-optimal footprint. Consider how the warehouse’s shape will influence space planning, workflow, and peak productivity. For example, a long, narrow, or L-shaped building may negatively affect the flow of merchandise, create congestion points, and extend travel time for pickers.

Lot size & expansion potential

If you were to expand a facility in the future, what’s the maximum footprint you could achieve? Would there still be sufficient space for employee parking and shipping truck access? If you’d only be able to expand linearly, beware of creating a sub-optimal building shape.

Environment

Certain types of products and warehouse devices need stable and clean environments with minimal exposure to things like dust, temperature swings (which create condensation), humidity, and excessive heat. Evaluate facilities for the quality of climate control units, airflow, ambient temperature, and maintenance requirements for minimizing dust and dirt.

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